The Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC) in Yemen was established in 2012, is co-led by WFP and FAO, and co-chaired by NRC. Yemen is currently facing a dire and precarious food security and nutrition situation whereby a total of 20.1 million Yemenis are food insecure, with 10 million people considered severely food insecure. Conflict and insecurity continue to be the main drivers of the spiraling food insecurity levels in the country.
In 2019 FSAC humanitarian partners require $ 2.2 Billion to assist 18.8 million beneficiaries facing precarious food insecurity levels in “emergency IPC phase 4” and “crisis IPC phase 3” governorates. One of FSAC main objectives is to Increase access to food for highly vulnerable families across the country through assisting 10 million severely food-insecure individuals plus 2 million newly displaced and host individuals in high priority districts. These 12 million Severely food insecure Yemenis require immediate lifesaving emergency food assistance either as in kind, voucher transfers, or as cash based transfers. It is envisaged that around 4.5 million vulnerable households will also access food through involvement in conditional Cash for Work (CFW), Food for Work (FFW), and Food for Assets (FFA) programmes, voucher schemes, public works schemes and input trade fairs.
The second FSAC main objective is to increase households income, and rehabilitees food security assets in areas with high level of food insecurity, where vulnerable households’ livelihood assets are at near collapse and coping strategies are almost exhausted leading to spiraling extreme coping behaviors like sale of houses, land, productive assets, and livestock which is greatly compromising their household food security status. This thus necessitates emergency livelihoods assistance through agricultural, livestock, and fishery inputs support to 8 million individuals. To further arrest the down-ward spiraling of the food security levels, 2 million individuals will also need longer term livelihoods support to recover, restore and rebuild their livelihoods through activities that will generate regular income e.g. agro-processing. Community rehabilitation and resilience activities through asset transfers will also be employed in relevant districts.
Almost four years into the conflict, it has become evident that short-term assistance modalities need to be combined with longer term strategies. Combining these efforts to restore and support resilient livelihoods is critical for sustainable development and food security. For increased impact, these mainstay FSAC activities will be further integrated and synchronized with the nutrition, WASH, and health cluster activities at the relevant delivery platform (household, community or health facility levels). It is envisaged that this approach will save lives and lessen the humanitarian caseload in the short term, while at the same time building the road towards recovery in the medium to long term.