The Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC) in Yemen was established in 2012, is co-led by WFP and FAO, and co-chaired by NRC. Yemen is currently facing a dire and precarious food security and nutrition situation whereby a total of 17.8 million Yemenis are food insecure, with 8.4 million people considered severely food insecure. Conflict and insecurity continue to be the main drivers of the spiraling food insecurity levels in the country.
In 2018 FSAC humanitarian partners require $ 1.27 Billion to assist 8.8 million beneficiaries facing precarious food insecurity levels in “emergency IPC phase 4” and “crisis IPC phase 3” governorates. 8.4 million Severely food insecure Yemenis will require immediate lifesaving emergency food assistance either as in kind, voucher transfers, or as cash based transfers. It is envisaged that some vulnerable households will also access food through involvement in conditional Cash for Work (CFW), Food for Work (FFW), and Food for Assets (FFA) programmes, voucher schemes, public works schemes and input trade fairs. Vulnerable households’ livelihood assets are at near collapse and coping strategies are almost exhausted leading to spiralling extreme coping behaviours like sale of houses, land, productive assets, and livestock which is greatly compromising their household food security status. This thus necessitates emergency livelihoods assistance through agricultural, livestock, and fishery inputs support to 5.7 million individuals. To further arrest the down-ward spiralling of the food security levels, 400,000 individuals will also need longer term livelihoods support to recover, restore and rebuild their livelihoods through activities that will generate regular income e.g. agro-processing. Community rehabilitation and resilience activities through asset transfers will also be employed in relevant districts.
Almost three years into the conflict, it has become evident that short-term assistance modalities need to be combined with longer term strategies. Combining these efforts to restore and support resilient livelihoods is critical for sustainable development and food security. For increased impact, these mainstay FSAC activities will be further integrated and synchronized with the nutrition, WASH, and health cluster activities at the relevant delivery platform (household, community or health facility levels). It is envisaged that this approach will save lives and lessen the humanitarian caseload in the short term, while at the same time building the road towards recovery in the medium to long term.