AMBAE VOLCANIC ERUPTION: Food Security and Agricultural Livelihoods (FSAL) Needs assessment - December 2017
|Post date||Wednesday, 14 February, 2018 - 05:44|
|Content Themes||Food Security Cluster|
|Sources||FAO, Food Security Cluster / Sector|
The Manaro-Voui volcano on Ambae island is considered by some volcanologists to be the most potentially dangerous volcano of the Vanuatu archipelago. The last deadly eruptions were 300 and 120 years ago, but regular activity was registered over the past decade. When activity increased in September, the Government decided to evacuate the entire population to neighboring islands where they were hosted for a month. End of November, around three weeks after the repatriation of Ambae residents, a needs assessment was conducted by the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC), with staff from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry, Fisheries and Biosecurity (MALFFB) and with support from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), to provide detailed data of the damages and losses suffered by farming households both due to the direct impacts of the volcanic eruption (ashfall and acid rains) and indirect impacts during the evacuation (caused by animals and livestock), in the context of a dry season particularly pronounced in the West. This report presents the results of the assessment and proposes some options for recovery, depending on the evolution of volcanic activity. Data collected through household interviews, completed by key informant interviews and technical expertise from the assessment team, shows that the entire population of the island was affected by the eruption, either directly or indirectly, and to different degrees.