The Food Security Cluster/Sector Whole of Syria works through three hubs in South Turkey (Gaziantep), Syria (Damascus), while also linking with key actors operating from Iraq. While each hub delivers on core cluster/sector functions, WoS is responsible for conducting the overall analysis of Needs, Response, and Gaps, linking hubs on different operational and technical issues, and providing an overall service to the Whole of Syria-related activities.
The food security situation in Syria has drastically deteriorated since last year. In 2023, an estimated 15 million people will need some form of food and agriculture assistance, representing 68 percent of the total population. At least 12.1 million people are estimated to be food insecure, including all 2 million people living in camps who are deemed to be 100 percent food insecure, and 2.9 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity, an alarming increase of people at risk who could shift to become food insecure during 2023 if the crisis continues at same worsening levels.
The impact of Syria’s crisis continues to hinder people’s ability to meet their immediate food needs and livelihoods, in a context marked by very complex drivers and contributing factors. This includes economic worsening and weakened local currency, soaring food and non-food prices, as well as drought like conditions and severe agro-climatic fluctuations, water scarcity, and limited energy supply. In addition, food and agriculture commodities prices increase, inflation, lack of purchasing power due to limited livelihood and lack of income sources, population movements that shows no sign of abating, and the Ukraine crisis have had an important economic impact on markets and commodities cost. The needs require the sector and partners to go beyond short-term responses, and to also focus on scaling up early recovery, restoration, protection, and promotion of livelihoods, over the short-to-medium-term, and to work around the entire food system and its related value chains, including water.
 Results are based on a countrywide assessment of 39,694 households and technical reviews and consultations.