Food insecurity remains alarmingly high in Sudan, with significant increases in food and other commodity prices, a reduced harvest, and continued conflict (3 million people out of their homes across Sudan), acute food insecurity in Sudan continues to worsen rapidly. Latest acute food insecurity data (IPC) indicates that up to 11.7 million people across Sudan were highly food insecure and classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3 or worse). This includes 3.1 million people in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) and 8.6 million in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis).
The states with highest acute food insecurity Northern, Westerb and Central Darfur, Khartoum, Kasala, White Nile host the highest caseload of IPC Phase 3 and Phase 4. Urgent and timely interventions are needed to prevent these populations from slipping into worse phases.
The macro-economic situation in Sudan is worsening. Food prices have nearly tripled compared to 2021 and are projected to be more than 400-500 percent above the five-year average. The early 2022 harvests were 35% below average, and 64% of the households do not have stocks to carry them over until the end of the lean season.
Domestic production of wheat only covers 15% of Sudan’s wheat demand. In 2020, 60 % of the total wheat imported to Sudan came from Russia (55%) and Ukraine (5%). With a 1.7 million metric-ton deficit of wheat and a shortage of foreign currency for imports, there is expected to be a surge in wheat prices.