Food insecurity remains alarmingly high in Sudan with increased and protracted displacement, economic decline and inflation, and high food price hikes exacerbated by the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. The lockdown measures to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic significantly decreased commodity movement, market function and cross-border trade, and compromised livelihoods, daily labor opportunities, reducing household purchasing power and food access of the vulnerable population.
The current IPC analysis period (June – September 2020) indicates a significant increase of highly food insecure people in Sudan. Overall, 9.6 million people are estimated to be in need of urgent action to save lives, reduce food consumption gaps, restore and protect livelihoods. This represents a 65 percent increase compared to the same period last year (IPC analysis: June – August 2019).
Of major concern are the 10 out of the 18 states of Sudan, a major jump from two compared to the previous IPC analysis (June – August 2019). This is indicative of the severity and magnitude of Sudan’s high acute food insecurity, where more than 20% of the population are classified in Crisis (Phase 3) or worse.
The states with highest acute food insecurity are South Kordofan (38%), Blue Nile (34%), North Darfur (32%), Central Darfur (30%), West Darfur (30%), Red Sea (28%), Kassala (25%), South Darfur (21%), North Kordofan (21%) and East Darfur (20%). Additionally, the most affected localities are Al Buram, North Jebel Marra and Halaib; in South Kordofan, Central Darfur and Red Sea. These localities are currently classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4).
The 2020 HNO and HRP COVID-19 identifies 8.6 million people in need of food and livelihoods assistance, an increase from 6.1 million people from HNO and HRP 2020. The Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL) Sector will target 5.9 million people, an increase from 4.7 million people from HNO and HRP 2020.