Pakistan continues to be subject to considerable socio-political, economic and environmental volatility, and in 2022 experienced one of its worst natural disaster in living memory. What started from June, 2022 as Heavy rains and a combination of riverine, urban and flash flooding country wide, later developed into a crisis of national and unprecedented proportions.
As rivers swelled to more than ten or twenty times their typical size, almost one-third of the country’s total landmass was submerged. Infrastructure, power and telecommunications systems were severely damaged or destroyed entirely. Millions of people were left without access to food, shelter, clean drinking water or health services, posing an enormous threat to their survival. Amid severe damage to the agricultural sector, one of the country’s economic mainstays, people’s prospects for recovering their livelihoods were severely threatened. The government estimated that overall 84 districts (Balochistan (32 districts), Sindh (23 districts) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (17 districts)) and 33 million people across the country were affected by the crisis.