WFP - April 2019 Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) - Presentation on Preliminary Findings + Fact Sheet

Post date Saturday, 25 May, 2019 - 22:34
Document Type Assessment Report
Content Themes Agriculture, Markets, Livelihoods, Food Assistance, Food Security
Sources WFP

The presentation was given by WFP-VAM team during last Borno FSS meeting (21 May) and last Abuja FSS meeting (23 May). In addition, please also find the related EFSA Fact sheet (24 May). The WFP-VAM team will share a more comprehensive EFSA report including an interactive web-based report in June 2019.

In March/April 2019, the World Food Programme (WFP) and National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) with technical support from Federal and State Ministries of Agriculture, National Programme for Food Security (NPFS), National Population Council (NPoPC), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Action Against Hunger (AAH), Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) and other partners conducted the fifth round of the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA), in order to gain updated insights into the food security situation in the northeast and aid decision by stakeholders. This was particularly pertinent due to the recent relapse in the security situation which continues to induce fresh waves of displacement.

A total of 19,767 households from 60 out of 65 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe were surveyed. Of these, 2,712 households were from IDP camps in nine LGAs (Maiduguri, Jere, Konduga, Monguno, Bama, Damboa, Ngala, Dikwa and Gwoza) in Borno. Five LGAs in Borno (Abadam, Marte, Guzamala, Kukawa and Kala Balge) were not covered due to security concerns. Key highlights from the April 2019 EFSA include:

- Overall, 29 percent of households in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) States were food insecure and 3 percent of these households were severely food insecure. In internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps across nine LGAs of Borno, 38 percent of households were food insecure and of these, 4 percent were severely food insecure;

- Both global and severe food insecurity highest in Northern and central parts of Borno due to conflict, displacement and influx of new arrivals. Displacement from these northern areas into capital cities like Maiduguri, Jere and Monguno continues to put pressure on already stretched resources within such areas;

- Specifically for IDP camps in Borno, global food insecurity was highest in IDP camps located in Bama, Konduga and Monguno, due to the recent upsurge of attacks leading to increased displacement and influx of IDPs into these locations. Host communities were more food insecure in Monguno, Maiduguri, Ngala, Damboa and Gwoza.

- Deterioration in the food security situation, particularly in some areas of Borno (Magumeri, Kaga, Askira Uba, Maiduguri & Biu) and Yobe (Yunusari, Geidam, Jakusko, Damaturu and Bade);

- Food insecurity remains driven by increased incidence of hostilities as well as communal conflicts between farmers and herders, limited access to farming and grazing land including livelihood opportunities, stretched communal resources due to increased dependency from IDPs and returnees, extended dry spells and high food prices;

- There is a need for concerted efforts by government and food security sector partners to consult closely and provide tailored contextualized response (food or livelihood support) to the needs of the most vulnerable population in hotspot areas with pronounced levels of food insecurity giving priority to the IDPs, returnees and the most vulnerable members of host communities. This is key to prevent further deterioration of already fragile food security situation during the forthcoming lean season.

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