Report on Joint Mission to Hard–to-Reach Area in Borno State (Bama Case Study) in January 2019 - NPFS, NIMET, WFP, FAO and FEWSNET

Post date Saturday, 27 April, 2019 - 12:35
Document Type Report, Assessment Report
Content Themes Cadre Harmonise, Nutrition, Food Security

Following completion of the joint fact finding mission led by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development through the NPFS of the Projects Coordinating Unit (PCU) together with Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet), World Food Programme (WFP), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) in January 2019, please find the final report.

Key Highlights and Recommendations include:

1. Findings from the assessment confirm that pockets of people are indeed trapped in some hard-to-reach inaccessible communities with higher concentration around the swathes of Sambisa axis. However, the scale of habitation could not be ascertained;

2. Though extremely restricted and controlled by Non State Armed Groups (NSAG), some level of livelihood activities, particularly farming activities are ongoing in some of these areas;

3. Food intake may be poorly diversified, considering the absence of markets and the dependence of trapped individuals on the few varieties of cereals (millet and sorghum), pulses (beans) and other food commodities (okro and groundnuts) cultivated on their farmlands. The situation may be more critical in some areas where households are left for days without food;

4. Nutrition situation could be severely critical given the complete breakdown of basic services (particularly health) and WASH challenges (open dug wells, open defecation), all of which has implication for nutrition, particularly food utilization due to high risk of sicknesses;

5. Food security and nutrition partners should preposition a contingency stock to promptly and efficiently cater for the food and nutritional needs of new arrivals coming out from these hard-to-reach areas considering the fragile food intake, nutrition and WASH situation observed;

6. Scale up of similar initiatives, particularly in other areas of Borno (Northern & Southern Borno) to test for homogeneity of the findings from this study. There is also a need to synergize with other partners (IOM, REACH Initiative) working on similar initiates to strengthen such with the aim to mainstream analytical approach into existing data collection systems for sustainability;

7. During the Cadre Harmonise analysis, phase classification and estimation of affected population experiencing food and nutrition insecurity should take into account proportion of population trapped in these hard-to-reach/inaccessible areas vis-à-vis the total population in the area.

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