Rapid Livelihood Assessment in Damaturu, Jakusko and Bade Local Government Areas, Yobe State, Nigeria
|Post date||Thursday, 2 August, 2018 - 09:22|
|Content Themes||Resilience, Needs Assessment, Agriculture, Livestock, Livelihoods, Food Security|
The impact of ongoing conflict in north eastern Nigeria has resulted in far reaching consequences on the lives and livelihoods of the affected population and it continues to create urgent humanitarian situation in the country. This situation has negatively affected household food security due to loss of productive assets and means of livelihoods. The assessment has covered three Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Yobe state (Damaturu, Bade and Jakusko). The sample universe of the assessment was the populations who receive assistance from WFP (World Food Programme) in these LGAs. In total, 900 households were covered distributed in 13 communities in Damaturu, Jakusko and Bade in February 2018. The primary objective of the assessment was to establish the livelihood profiles and describe livelihood strategies of the internally displaced persons (IDPs), hosting communities and the returnees. The key findings are below;
- Average households size per LGA was 5 (Damaturu), 7 (Jakusko) and 5 (Bade)
- Assessment sample average showed that female-headed household represented 30 percent. While households with special need members counted for 10 percent.
- Farming was the major source of livelihood for majority of HHs (households), followed by casual labour (10 percent) and petty trading (9 percent). While, around one-fourth of the sampled household across three LGAs had no means of livelihood.
- Wealth ranking showed that one percent of households were classified as rich based on livelihood asset categorization, 16 percent were moderate, 54 percent were poor, and 24 percent were very poor.
- Majority of households (64 percent) rely on one or more coping strategies for livelihood. Borrowing from friends, selling female animals were the most applied negative coping strategies
- Among the most severe shocks households faced during the last six-month of the assessment, sickness of household member was the highest in Bade (43 percent) and Jakusko (42 percent) while high food price was the most severe shock reported in Damaturu.
- Only 45 percent of households across all LGAs cultivated cash crops in the last farming season (39 percent in Bade, 91 percent in Jakusko and 40 percent in Damaturu). Top reasons given by households that did not engage in the last farming season includes; no access to land (51 percent), lack of financial resources (16 percent) and lack of farm inputs (12 percent). Insecurity was not significant among reasons mentioned by households. Across all assessed LGAs, only 38 percent of IDPs cultivated in the last season compared to 75 percent of Residents.
- Over one fifth of sampled households had poor dietary diversity in February, and slightly above the same portion had borderline status measured by food consumption score. Female-headed households were likely to have poor dietary diversity compare to male-headed households.