Rapid Food Security Assessment in Mobbar (May 2019) -WFP-VAM
|Post date||Thursday, 13 June, 2019 - 21:31|
|Document Type||Assessment Report|
|Content Themes||Agriculture, Markets, Livelihoods, Food Assistance, Food Security|
Mobbar Local Government Area (LGA), specifically Damasak continues to witness influx of refugees due to ongoing conflict in neighbouring communities in Niger and these numbers are expected to increase in future, which could potentially stretch existing resources within the locality. In May 2019, WFP-VAM team initiated a rapid food security assessment to Damasak to gain insights into the food security, livelihoods and market situation, including recent population movements in communities, in order to make informed decision on the scale of humanitarian needs and assistance priorities. The assessment combined findings from the most recent Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) and key informant interviews conducted during the rapid assessment. Key highlights include:
- According to the April 2019 Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA), the prevalence of global food insecurity (severe and moderate) was 41.2 percent, of which 4 percent of households were severely food insecure. The prevalence of global food insecurity was highest amongst IDPs (65 percent) and returnees (41.7 percent) compared to host populations (25 percent).
- The level of global food insecurity in Mobbar witnessed a reduction of 27.1 percent compared to the same period last year (February 2018). However, there was an increase of 11.5 percent compared to October 2018, in spite of the expected seasonal reduction in global food insecurity expected between October and February (where food stock from the rain-fed and dry season farming were still expected to be available).
- Although crop production when compared to pre-conflict is below average, land access and cultivation has improved significantly, as farming activities can be done within a safe distance of 10 km from Damasak town. Moreover, over 50 percent of households in Mobbar participated in both the rain-fed and off season (irrigated) farming during the last planting season.
- There are no security restrictions on commercial activities, and the main roads axis (Damasak – Maiduguri; Damasak – Niger) are open to commercial trucks. Markets are functional, as essential locally produced staples are widely available in most markets such as maize grain, locally produced rice and millet being the three most important food communities.
- In spite of the pronounced levels of food insecurity (more than one in every three households) and pockets of vulnerability observed in Mobbar (particularly among returnees and IDPs), an upscale of conditional livelihood assistance to the most vulnerable host communities, returnees and IDP households is strongly recommended in close coordination with partners (NRC, ACF and ICRC0, considering the huge potential for livelihood opportunities (access to land, markets etc.).
- Continued provision of the ongoing nutrition support to children under five and pregnant and lactating women (PLWs) is as well recommended to forestall a decline in malnutrition rates.