Nigeria

Nigeria

Presentation on Joint Mission to Hard–to-Reach Area in Borno State (Bama Case Study), 21 February - NPFS, NIMET, WFP, FAO and FEWSNET

Post date Wednesday, 27 February, 2019 - 16:41
Document Type Mission Report
Content Themes Protection, Emergency Response, Needs Assessment, Agriculture, Nutrition, Markets, Livelihoods, Food Security
Sources Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET), FAO, WFP

Following completion of the government-led Joint fact finding mission by the National Programme for Food Security (NPFS), Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet), World Food Programme (WFP), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) in January 2019, the preliminary findings was presented by the NPFS during the Abuja Food Security Sector (FSS) meeting on 21st February, 2019.

HIGHLIGHTS

Mission Objectives

1. To gain insights into the food security, nutrition, WASH and livelihoods situation of hard-to-reach areas around Bama LGA.
2. To make evidence-based recommendations on ways to improve the analysis and estimation of the population currently trapped in inaccessible areas during the next rounds of CH analysis.

Major Findings

1. Findings from the assessment confirm that pockets of people are indeed in some hard-to-reach/inaccessible communities with higher concentration around the swathes of Sambisa axis, however, the scale of habitation could not be ascertained.
2. Though quite limited and extremely restricted, some level of livelihood activities, particularly farming are ongoing in some of these areas.
3. Food security situation may not be critical, albeit dietary diversity would be quite limited, due to heavy reliance on the few varieties of own produced food commodities, trade restrictions and non-functionality of markets.
4. Nutrition situation of people in hard-to-reach/inaccessible areas could be severely critical given the complete breakdown of basic services (particularly health) and WASH challenges (open dug wells, open defecation), all of which have implication on nutrition (sicknesses/illness).
5. The findings have more implication on nutrition due to challenges regarding food utilization, which would be likely exacerbated during the lean period/rainy season due upsurge of water borne/related diseases (malaria, diarrhea etc.)

Implications for the Cadre Harmonise Analysis

1. Phase classification and estimation of affected population experiencing food and nutrition insecurity should take into account the proportion of population trapped in these hard-to-reach/inaccessible areas vis-à-vis the total population in the LGA.
2. Analysis should adequately take into consideration, the food security and nutritional condition, with more emphasis on nutrition, in these hard-to-reach/inaccessible areas (current & projected periods), using proxy measures such as the findings from this assessment and similar studies.
3. Scale up similar initiatives and consult with partners (e.g. IOM, REACH Initiative etc.) further to explore possibilities to mainstream analytical approach into existing systems as seen in the case of UNICEF/IOM’s ETT.

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