Final Fiche Report for November 2022: Cadre Harmonisé Result for Identification of Risk Areas and Vulnerable Populations in Twenty (26) Nigerian States and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Nigeria
|Post date||Thursday, 1 December, 2022 - 08:48|
|Content Themes||Cadre Harmonise|
|Sources||Government of Nigeria|
- In the BAY states, 3 million people are currently food insecure. This number will increase to 4.4 million people who will need food assistance in 2023 lean season, of which 578,178 will be in ‘emergency phase’ (Phase 4) and 3,967 people are in ‘catastrophe’ (Phase 5). The number of food insecure people has continued to remain high since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic and has not shown any signs of abating due to elevated levels of inflation, record levels of flooding as well as restricted access for humanitarian actors to reach affected population in “hard-to-reach” areas.
- Countrywide: According to the November 2022 Cadre Harmonise analysis, 17 million people are food insecure and in need of food assistance in the 2022 post-harvest period (Oct – Dec 2022). 25.3 million people will need food assistance during the 2023 lean season, according to the most recent results published by the Cadre Harmonise. Of these, nearly 1.9 million people will be in ‘emergency’ phase (Phase 4), indicating a sharp increase in the severity of the food security situation compared to the 2022 lean season when 1.2 million people were in emergency phase. Conflict, widespread flooding, and rising inflation of food and non-food items are the contributing factors behind this rising food insecurity situation in the country. In Nigeria, the number of food insecure populations increased by around 30% for the current and the projected periods. It is important to note that this increase is in part driven by the increased coverage of the CH exercise, which this year covered 194 million people in the country, up from 159 million in the March 2022 CH analysis.
- In the northwestern states of Sokoto, Katsina and Zamfara, 4.3 million will need food assistance in the 2023 lean season. Over the last two lean seasons, the number of food insecure people in these three states has increased drastically and more than doubled since the 2021 lean season. Zamfara state in particular has observed an increase of nearly 80 increase in terms of people in Phase 3 – 5, compared to the 2022 lean season.
- Other emerging hotspots include Benue state, which will see a 183 percent increase compared to the 2022 lean season. The situation of IDPs in Benue is particularly precarious, with nearly 150,000 IDPs already in emergency phase.
- In the states of Benue, Taraba and Cross River nearly 40,000 Cameroonian refugees are in need of food assistance. Refugees were added to the CH analysis for the first time, as part of the wider advocacy on their food security situation.