Nigeria

Nigeria

Famine Monitoring System for Inaccessible Areas June 2021

Post date Friday, 16 July, 2021 - 16:47
Month(s) covered 2021-06
Document Type Monitoring Report
Content Themes Response Maps, Nutrition, Markets, Early Warning, Food Assistance, Food Security
Sources Other

KEY TAKEAWAYS

• Findings from the FMS revealed concerning consumption patterns in inaccessible areas as more than half of all sampled households (56 percent) struggled to have sufficient food intake and 67 percent experienced crisis or higher levels (CH Phase 3 and above) of food deprivation and hunger, further evidenced in the pervasive use of food-based coping strategies;

• Majority of households (84 percent) relied on either crisis (26 percent) or emergency (58 percent) coping strategies to meet their food needs which heightens economic vulnerability due to the negative impact on the future productivity of the most affected households;

• The levels of acute malnutrition among new arrivals from the inaccessible areas is Critical (Phase 4 IPC Acute Malnutrition Classification) with the overall Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates standing at 20.7 percent and Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) at 4.9 percent. This high level of acute malnutrition indicates an extremely stressed population including food insecurity, poor sanitation and hygiene and health conditions which are the key underlying causes of acute malnutrition;

• Detailed analysis among newly arrived population with good quality and adequate sample size showed severe consumption deficits and concerning SAM rates (15 percent) in Bama LGA, whereas near Extremely Critical (Phase 5) GAM rates were found in Gwoza, Magumeri and Kukawa;

• The elevated levels of consumption gaps, malnutrition and pervasive usage of emergency coping strategies, is largely underscored by limited availability of food stocks, restricted access to functional markets and water, health and sanitation services, which might heighten morbidity risk and impact households' ability to engage in labour for food or resource gathering

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