Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture (April-June 2019) - FAO

Post date Thursday, 18 April, 2019 - 09:05
Document Type Periodic Monitoring Report
Content Themes Agriculture, Livestock, Livelihoods, Early Warning, Fisheries, Food Security
Sources FAO

In this global report, the section on Nigeria is on p. 20-21.

Risk overview

Despite the relatively improved food security situation compared with previous years, the situation remains volatile due to recent increased violence across several states. While numerous incidents were related to the recent period of elections both at national and local levels, a sharp increase in attacks in the northeastern state of Borno has been recorded, triggering new displacements and increasing needs. Furthermore, communal clashes between pastoralists and farmers were frequent, particularly in Adamawa, directly affecting the livelihood assets and food security of the local population.
At national level, Cadre Harmonisé projections indicate that 4.9 million people will be severely food insecure during the lean period (June‒August 2019). This includes around 2.9 million people located in the three states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe that affected by the ongoing insurgency perpetuated by non-state armed groups.
Thanks to the generally adequate rainfall in 2018, agricultural production estimates for last year’s season are positive. Adequate rainfall also improved the availability of pastures and water. The animal health situation is generally stable. However, the conflict in the North East and the clashes between farmers and pastoralists have limited access to grazing land in affected areas. • Overall, nearly 2 million people continue to be displaced by insecurity and conflict in Nigeria. The recent attacks in the North East led to further internal displacement as well as to a considerable movement of refugees – around 35 000 people – into neighbouring Cameroon.
The resurgence of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 in Bauchi, Kano, Nasarawa and Plateau states highly affecting poultry farmers continue to spread into neighbouring states.

Potential impact

The increase in violence and insecurity is likely to continue in the next months. This is likely to further exacerbate humanitarian needs, prevent farmers from engaging in production activities and reduce access to food and markets. Moreover, conflict in the North-West and South-West regions of Cameroon will likely lead to the arrival of additional refugees into Nigeria.
If insecurity increases, humanitarian access to reach those in need will be hampered. This would have detrimental effects on the conditions of hundreds of thousands of people – an estimated 307 000 – who are projected to face Emergency (CH Phase 4), including hundreds of people in inaccessible areas.
Insecurity is also likely to restrain pastoralist movements and access to pasture and water during the peak of the dry season, as well as farmers’ access to fields during the preparatory months of the next agricultural campaign.
The 2019 seasonal rainfall prediction, issued by the Nigerian Meteorological Agency, indicates slightly delayed rains in most parts of the country and regular-to-below rainfall amounts in most states. Partners should closely monitor updates of these predictions, as the situation may change. Should rainfall be late and slightly below regular, vulnerable agropastoralists in the North East are likely to be affected.

Recommended early actions


Scale-up social protection support to returnees, IDPs and the most vulnerable people, particularly women and children, through conditional cash-based transfer interventions.


Support vulnerable farming households to engage in food production during the main cropping season (May–October) in the three northeastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe through: the provision of early maturing, drought-resistant varieties of seeds and other in-kind agricultural inputs, training in good agricultural practices, input trade fairs in selected locations and farmer field schools.
Provide women with vegetables kits to meet immediate household food needs and income, as well as groundnut and sesame seeds as cash crops.
Support home-based livelihood activities among the most vulnerable households (backyard/micro- gardening, cash+ and poultry production) and natural resource management including Safe Access to Fuel and Energy.


Build herders’ capacities to produce feedstock.
Support State Veterinary Departments to organize livestock mass vaccination and medication campaigns in high risk areas combined with supplementary livestock feed interventions around nomadic areas.
Conduct community sensitization on peaceful coexistence between farmers and herders, and advocate for delimitation of grazing areas and animal routes/corridor in agropastoralist communities in the seven states of Adamawa, Benue, Kaduna, Nasarawa, Plateau, Taraba and Zamfara. In connection with this, promote awareness of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the context of food security, targeting policy makers, herders, farmers and other users of natural resources in order to foster social stability.
Support capacity building at all levels (quarantine staff, borders inspectors, state and private veterinary officers and poultry farmers) on avian influenza disease recognition, outbreak investigation, control and containment. Continued efforts are required in order to support peacebuilding, reduce food insecurity and ensure the regular development of agricultural activities in conflict-affected areas.