Yemen FSAC Overview

The Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC) in Yemen, established in 2012, is co-led by WFP and FAO, and co-chaired by CARE Yemen. Yemen is currently facing a dire and precarious food security and nutrition situation whereby a total of 17.6 million people are considered severely food insecure. The food crisis in Yemen is exacerbated by localized conflict, displacement, economic instability, rising food prices, climate change hazards limited access to basic services amidst an under-resourced response.

In 2024 FSAC humanitarian partners require $ 1.36 Billion to assist 12.8 million beneficiaries facing precarious food insecurity levels. FSAC partners will provide emergency food assistance to 10 million of the most vulnerable food insecure individuals covering up to 80 percent of their minimum daily requirement (based on sphere standards reference of 2,100 kcal/person/day). Populations facing IPC Phase 3 and above will be used as an entry point for geographical targeting; however, household and individual targeting for different interventions will be based on harmonized vulnerability criteria, with a focus on reaching the most vulnerable households, especially female-headed households. 15 to 20 percent of the emergency food assistance will be provided through cash or voucher transfers, contingent on in-depth market assessments and operational feasibility analyses (cost efficiency, effectiveness, appropriateness, and beneficiary preference). FSAC partners will use a twin-track approach through the provision of emergency food assistance and livelihood support (agriculture and off-farm livelihood) to the same locations. This approach will enhance timely and cost-effective access to diverse food to achieve food security and nutrition objectives sustainably. Emergency livelihood assistance will be provided to 1.5 million vulnerable people. Time-sensitive emergency livelihood support, especially when combined with cash assistance, has been proven to have a significant positive impact on food security, health, and nutrition outcomes. FSAC partners will adopt climate-smart agriculture practices to improve food and agriculture production capacities. This will include using the traditional Farmer Field School (FFS) model that promotes peer farmer-to-farmer training based on the identification of common problems and solutions and integrates it with specific climate smart knowledge, experiences and techniques to address the local agricultural needs. Conditional and season-specific cash transfers will be provided to one million people to increase household income and provide seasonal employment opportunities, while supporting the rehabilitation and consolidation of critical community assets and infrastructure. Similarly, support in livelihood assets restoration and establishment of micro-businesses/income-generating activities will be provided to 300,000 vulnerable people to enhance employability and offer some financial stability.

FSAC partners will work closely with the Food Security, Agriculture and Livelihood Working Group (FSAL WG) under the Yemen Partner Technical Team (YPTT) to enhance the impact of humanitarian and development efforts on vulnerable populations. To avert further deterioration of the humanitarian crisis, the FSAC, in coordination with four other Clusters (Nutrition, WASH, Health and protection), will integrate interventions and leverage synergies towards the prevention of extreme hunger, soaring malnutrition levels and associated mortality through the IFRR initiative. FSAC interventions will be implemented through principled and people-centered approaches, promoting the safety, dignity and integrity of individuals receiving assistance and equally considering the diverse needs of women, men, girls and boys.