The Food Security and Nutrition Cluster (FSNC) in Colombia was created in 2010 to support preparedness and response in the context of the protracted conflict and natural disaster events and to support the capacity of humanitarian actors and cover gaps in assistance. The overall objective of the FSNC is to respond to humanitarian crises in a coordinated, effective and timely manner, covering gaps in assistance especially in remote rural areas, but also in urban centers where high levels of violence and conflict persist, whilst avoiding response duplication. It is co-led by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and UNICEF, working closely with other clusters/sectors (especially Protection, WASH and Health). The FSNC members in Colombia include UN agencies, INGOs, Red Cross movement, NGOs, civil society organizations and donors.
The Food Security Cluster and the Nutrition cluster function as a single coordination space, seeking to provide a comprehensive response through: 1) joint food assistance actions (in kind, cash or vouchers, as appropriate); 2) rehabilitation, protection and rapid recovery programmes for agricultural livelihoods, actions to strengthen markets, associations and local purchases; and 3) emergency nutrition actions in relation to the comprehensive treatment of acute malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies.
Within this framework of action, the FSNC is carrying out actions in coordination with two national structures: the humanitarian architecture led by OCHA, which focuses on the response to the population affected by conflict/armed violence and natural disasters, and the Inter-Agency Group on Mixed Migration Flows (GIFMM in Spanish), led by UNHCR and IOM, which focuses tackling the needs of refugees and migrants from Venezuela. As a result of the COVID19 emergency, coordination with these structures has been strengthened in order to make needs visible and to seek response for all vulnerable population.