SET4FOOD: GUIDELINES ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES FOR FOOD UTILIZATION IN HUMANITARIAN CONTEXTS AND INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS
|Post date||Wednesday, 11 April, 2018 - 11:53|
|Document Type||Tools and Guidance, Manual/Guideline|
|Content Themes||Food Assistance, Food Security|
Natural disasters, population growth, social conflicts, and political or structural crises give rise to forced migrations, which can lead to humanitarian emergencies. According to the “UNHCR annual global trends report”, at the end of 2013 there were more refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs) than at any time, that comprehensive statistics have been collected, since at least 1989: 51.2 million people, in fact, were in situations of displacement (45.1 million at the end of 2012), including 16.7 million refugees, 1.2 million asylum seekers and 33.3 million IDPs. In this framework, the issue of food plays a central role. In fact, insufficient food availability leads to malnutrition and weak health, enhances causes of mortality and creates a status of permanent emergency. For this reason, a humanitarian emergency deals, in the first place, with food safety and security, which is built on four main pillars: 1. the physical availability of food; 2. the economical and physical access to food; 3. the utilization of food and the related resources; 4. the stability of food supply over time.