Nigeria has suffered from multiple hazards and emergencies in recent years, both natural and man-made. Many rural communities are vulnerable to floods, drought, plant pests and livestock diseases, as well as soil erosion and climate change challenges. Violent insurgency in the northeast of the country has also resulted in social and political unrest, slowing down economic activity including agricultural activities. This has increased the risk of food insecurity in Borno and Yobe states, and to a lesser, but increasing, extent Adamawa and Gombe. Appropriate response measures are needed to reduce the impact of violence and unrest, and ensure the livelihoods and food security of IDPs and vulnerable households in the affected areas.
The immediate priorities for the Food Security Sector aim to accelerate recovery from the trauma of the emergency period, rebuild household food supply chains, reinstate production capacity, and increase livelihood resilience to future impacts. Meanwhile, immediate interventions are needed in the form of direct food assistance and cash & voucher assistance to purchase food and livelihood articles. Although federal & state governments, philanthropists and NGOs have been providing assistance, much more needs to be done to reach those affected. Some of the most vulnerable people are located in remote areas without access to markets. The current security situation means that many areas have not been properly assessed, and many food insecure areas are unable to operate properly functioning markets and supply chains.
The latest series of attacks (Feb 2016) directed at market places in IDP camps have exacerbated the situation for IDPs in the affected camps. In an attempt to control the insurgency, the government has disabled mobile phone towers and blocked access roads to areas where the insurgency is operating with impunity. In addition to the extreme security risks posed by the insurgents, this has made reporting from, and assessments of, vulnerable areas even more challenging.
See the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) documents for details about the objectives and indicators for the ongoing emergency.