The Food Security Cluster works closely with the established IDP and refugee coordination mechanisms to ensure coherent, coordinated, and integrated humanitarian responses driven by the food security needs of affected populations, assessed in consultation with them.
Despite Iraq’s middle income status and notable development gains, recurrent bouts of localised violence and regional instability have contributed to unprecedented levels of humanitarian need and food insecurity. The latest phase of violence erupted in June 2014 with the ISIL takeover of the city of Mosul.
Due to institutional weakness, the escalation of conflict, and resulting waves of displacement, the PDS has been inconsistently implemented and is largely unable to provide the Iraqi population with rations in a timely and effective manner. As a result of this, 2.4 million people are in need of food security assistance according to the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan.